Maihaugen / The open-air museum / The Rural Area / The mountain farms

The mountain farms

Sauer på Setra. Esben Haakenstad

Photo: Esben Haakenstad / Maihaugen

Barhussetra. Foto: Maihaugen

Barhussetra from about 1800. Photo: Maihaugen.

Setra, Audbjørn Rønning

Setergrenda består av flere setrer og viser hvordan seterbruket har utviklet seg. Foto: Audbjørn Rønning/Maihaugen.

This collection of buildings represents various kinds of mountain farms and shows the development of mountain farming. A mountain farm was a grazing area and had buildings for people and animals. The first mountain farms only consisted of simple cottages, but this changed as mountain farming developed into a substantial and important part of farming in general. The production of food for winter supply, such as milk, cheese, butter and meat, was made on the mountain farms. Most of the food that was produced on a mountain farm was either sold or bartered, and was an important source of income.

  • The diary maid had a large responsibility and high rank in the farming community. When eating she sat next to the farmer's wife, on the upper side of the table.   
  • Most of the food that was produced on a mountain farm was either sold or bartered, and was an important source of income.