The animals at Maihaugen are important to preserve the cultural landscape. The plants and the animals are very much the same as in the 1890's.
Old breeds can be bearers of valuable qualities in the future. Changes in agricultural production might have special demands to the live stock. Old agricultural buildings and tools are also more interesting put in contest with the old breeds and plants. The animals are decisive for the maintenance of the cultural landscape at the museum and to prevent overgrowth.
The live stock has has for several thousand years been important in Norway to supply people with food, clothes and labour.